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Bitcoin’s white paper: A guide

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The origins of cryptocurrency lie in a 14-year-old document written by a person whose identity has not been established. A white paper titled “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” describes how an alternative electronic cash system can allow payments to be sent directly from one party to another, without involving trusted parties like a financial institution.Previously, there was no mechanism that allowed making payments over a communications channel without a trusted third party like a financial institution in existence.This article, which is now referred to as the Bitcoin Whitepaper, was first released in October 2008 by Satoshi Nakamoto and included important information about how Bitcoin (BTC) may enable a trust-less electronic payment system by utilising cryptographic evidence.Use of a proof-of-work mechanism to implement a distributed timestamp serverThe white paper explains how ownership transfer may be carried out by utilising the previous owner’s public and private keys to form a digital signature that is coupled with the next owner’s public key into a transaction block.It defines electronic currency as a chain of digital signatures.

A hash is used to connect each block to the one before it, and the complete chain of blocks makes up the decentralised ledger that is being constructed.

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